Asia Frontier Capital (AFC) - April 2014 Newsletter
"The only source of knowledge is experience."
This month at AFC has seen international travel, news, awards and the announcement of a major conference. Alongside the exciting upcoming events, our funds have witnessed interesting developments in a number of key markets which we discuss in this month's manager comments. April also saw a strong inflow of new capital as new investors came on board and existing investors increased their existing holdings. So far in 2014 the AFC Asia Frontier Fund has returned +13.8% YTD and the AFC Vietnam Fund has returned +10.7%.
AFC to host Marc Faber at Vietnam Investment Forum on 19th June 2014
In conjunction with HVS Vietnam Securities and Vietnam Investment Review, Asia Frontier Capital is very pleased to announce that we will be hosting the Vietnam Investment Forum in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam on 19th June 2014. The topic of the conference is 'The Rise of Frontier Markets and Opportunities for Vietnam' and guest speakers featured include renowned contrarian investor Marc Faber, alongside AFC's Thomas Hugger and Andreas Vogelsanger.
AFC Wins Fund Awards
As we enter the 2014 fund awards season, we are very pleased to announce that Asia Frontier Capital has been recognized with awards from international finance magazines Acquisition International and ACQ5. This follows AFC's preceding award for fund launch of the year after Thomas Hugger's MBO of the AFC Asia Frontier Fund in 2013 (click here). We are of course very pleased to be recognized in our industry and will continue to work hard to bring you not only great investment performance but also the personal level of service that we pride ourselves on as a boutique fund.
AFC Expands Research Team - Scott Osheroff, Regional Research Analyst
AFC's Andreas Vogelsanger in the News
In April, Marc Djandji of ASEAN Investor caught up with Andreas Vogelsanger to discuss the outlook and drivers of Asian Frontier Markets as well as different ways to invest in these rapidly growing markets. You can read the full interview online (click here).
Kh. Asadul Islam Steps Down as Director
We would like to thank Kh. Asadul Islam (Ripon) for all of his service and wish him all the best for the future after stepping down from his role as a Director at Asia Frontier Capital and AFC Asia Frontier Fund. Ripon has stepped down for personal reasons and this has not impacted the Asia Frontier Capital team, other directors or the continued development of AFC's funds.
AFC Asia Frontier Fund (AAFF) USD A-shares gained +1.5% in April 2014 bringing the total YTD performance to +13.8%. The fund outperformed the MSCI World Index (+0.8%) whilst underperformed against the MSCI Frontier Markets Asia Index (+2.8%) and the MSCI Frontier Index (+5.4%), which both saw a significant rally. April also saw a significant inflow of new funds from individual as well as institutional investors who have invested in AAFF for the first time.
The best performing indices within the AAFF universe in April were Pakistan (+6.5%), followed by Sri Lanka (+4.3%) and Iraq (+3.0%). AAFF outperformed the index in Sri Lanka, as some of our relatively undervalued consumer names appreciated. Whilst our holdings in Pakistan were in positive territory (+4.4%), we were slightly behind the index. The few companies we hold in Iraq (-1.3%) trailed the index where there was some uncertainty due to the elections held at the end of April. The star performance for country-specific stocks in the AAFF was in Bangladesh where the portfolio holdings (+10.2%) significantly outperformed the index (+1.7%), as our healthcare and consumer stocks rallied in anticipation of good quarterly results.
The poorest-performing country indices were in Hanoi/Vietnam (-10.7%) and Mongolia (-4.8%). The AAFF portfolio stocks held up well in the face of significant downturns in these markets, retreating only -1.3% in Vietnam and -2.6% in Mongolia. There has been profit taking after the Vietnamese market has run up over the past few months, but the inclusion of small and midcap names in the portfolio helped amid the downturn. In Mongolia, our consumer names performed relatively well against the overall market.
The top-performing portfolio stocks were two Bangladeshi pharmaceutical companies (+36.2% and +30.9%), followed by a Bangladeshi shoe chain (+30.4%), a Pakistani health care company (+24.5%) and a Pakistani insurance company (+23.1%).
In April we added to existing positions in Laos, Mongolia, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Vietnam. We sold one Sri Lankan tile company and a Pakistani consumer good company. We bought the Pakistani company exactly one year ago at 80 Rupees and sold it this month at a 16x the purchase price. When we sold the company it was trading at a trailing P/E of 102x. We also participated in an IPO of a Mongolian concrete producer - the first IPO in Mongolia in nearly 2 years.
As of 30th April 2014, the portfolio was invested in 120 shares, 1 closed-end fund (with 20.1% discount to NAV), 1 GDR (with 55.2% discount) and held 8.6% in cash. The two biggest stock positions are a pharmaceutical company in Bangladesh (4.5%) and a junior copper mine in Mongolia (4.0%). The countries with the largest asset allocation include Vietnam (19.6%), Pakistan (16.4%) and Bangladesh (16.2%). The sectors with the largest allocation of assets are consumer goods (37.6%) and materials (14.2%). The weighted average trailing portfolio P/E ratio (only companies with profit) was 14.54x, the weighted average P/B ratio was 1.51x and the dividend yield was 4.18%.
This month AFC Vietnam Fund's (AVF) CIO, Andreas Karall has gone the extra mile and translated the AVF manager comment into German (click here). This month AVF saw an influx of new capital from investors looking to take advantage of the long term opportunities offered by the Vietnamese market. As suspected last month, the consolidation period progressed further and even accelerated since mid-April leading to an April return of -4.6% for AVF. Within only six trading days, the Ho Chi Minh index lost 7% and the Hanoi index 10% to end the month down -10.7% and -2.3% respectively. Even though some of the blue chips in Ho Chi Minh were able to recover in the last few days, the indices remained in negative territory during the month of April. The chart below shows the price movements of the more volatile Hanoi index:
It is interesting to observe that our fund showed a much higher correlation with the Ho Chi Minh index, although about two-thirds of our shares are listed in Hanoi. We are very much dependent on a broad increase in Vietnamese stocks, since our portfolio consists of about 10% of the total shares listed in Vietnam. Hence a short term rebound of some Ho Chi Minh listed large caps has little effect on our fund, as the following chart of the Ho Chi Minh index illustrates:
If we however extend the observation period from 2.5 years to 8 years, then you will clearly see how insignificant the movements of the past few months were, putting it into context with a longer time horizon. It actually shows what opportunities exist in the long term in Vietnam, assuming that our positive view over the coming years will be confirmed:
The focus of our investment strategy is geared towards the long-term development of fundamentally undervalued companies and therefore the business development of those companies is much more important. Meanwhile, around 70% of our holdings have released their results for the first quarter and, with a few exceptions, the financial numbers were in line with (or even above) our expectations. We still expect that all of the 65 companies we are invested in will be profitable in 2014. Most likely the major part of the correction is now behind us and we feel much more positive about the market than we did one month ago.
In April the fund's largest positions were: Sam Cuong Material Electrical and Telecom Corp (4.4%) - a manufacturer of electrical and telecom equipment, VICEM Gypsum and Cement (2.9%) - a cement company, FLC Group JSC (2.6%) - a real estate development company, Bentre Aqua Product Import & Export (2.4%) - a seafood exporter and Pharmedic Pharmaceutical Medicinal JSC (2.3%)- a specialist pharmaceutical company.
As of 30th April 2014 the portfolio was invested in 65 shares and held 3.8% in cash. The sectors with the largest allocation of assets were consumer goods (36.4%) and industrials (18.7%). The fund's weighted average trailing P/E ratio was 6.97x, the weighted average P/B ratio was 0.96x and the average dividend yield was 6.93%.
One example of the numerous investment opportunities in the Vietnamese stock market is the sugar industry. The agricultural sector of Vietnam is still one of the major pillars of the country. Over the last decade, stocks from this sector were among the favourite topics of analysts and investors worldwide. With the onset of the economic crisis and the price decline of most commodities, many investors lost interest. Despite this, food production remains an important topic given the ever-growing world population and the increasing prosperity and consumption of developing countries.
The end of declining commodity prices does not necessarily mean that prices will bounce back strongly in the short-term, although we saw price increases in cocoa and coffee of 50% and 100% in recent months. Prices for oats, corn, and soybeans are also already well above their recent lows. We therefore see good long-term investment opportunities in food production companies. In contrast to the increasingly unpopular speculation in commodities, the share capital of the company is the fundamental basis for an increase in the production of food.
After three years of price declines in sugar prices, there finally seems to be a price stabilisation. What would happen with company earnings assuming that prices only recover towards the USD 20 or 25 level?
Vietnamese sugar companies are still profitable and we see some insider buying in these companies over the last few months. Using the example of one of the leading sugar companies (SBT), a clear relationship between sales/operating profit and sugar prices over the past few years can be observed:
Sugar consumption is increasing rapidly, especially in developing countries. In Thailand, the consumption quintupled over the past 40 years. The consumption increase in Asia as a whole is about 5% annually (currently around 23kg per capita), which is the same level of the U.S. more than 100 years ago!
Source: Dr. Stephan Guyenet, US Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service
There are numerous listed Vietnamese sugar companies. Their price/earnings ratios based on 2013 numbers are between 5x and 10x. Some of the companies are trading 20% below their book values and the dividend yields are around 8-12%. Depending on whether the price of sugar has now stabilized and whether the company operates efficiently, dividend cuts are unlikely. Company valuations might fall further in the first half of this year, but will then most likely stabilize. Because of the cheap valuations and the sharp profit drop due to lower margins over the last few years, these companies will have large upside potential in the future if sugar prices recover. The balance sheets are generally very good and shouldn't cause any sleepless nights.
Of course these are all long-term thoughts and will not necessarily results in short term gains if the market rallies, but it demonstrates what kind of investment strategies are possible in Vietnam. A few days ago the third largest sugar company in Thailand was listed on the stock exchange. While Vietnam's sugar companies are valued at 5x to 10x earnings, this Thai sugar company managed to place its shares at an astonishing 30x earnings!
As an agricultural nation and top 3 exporter of rice, coffee and rubber, Vietnam's sugar production ranks "only" at position 21 in the world, but certainly has the potential for further growth if the sugar market situation should change again.
Looking ahead to May there have been some tensions develop in the South China Sea (click here) which has seen pressure on the markets as some investors that fear the worst and have begun some panic selling. Whilst geopolitics and the rise of China will no doubt influence market sentiment in the Asia region the factors driving the long term potential of Vietnam remain unchanged. Should a further panic take hold of investors as regional powers rattle their sabers this will provide an excellent opportunity for the fund to accumulate positions in strong companies that draw the majority of their revenues from the domestic Vietnamese market. We look forward to updating you on the latest developments in next month's newsletter.
Since the introduction of market reforms that opened up the country to foreign investment in the late 1980s, Vietnam has become one of the fastest-growing economies in the world, averaging annual GDP growth rates of 7-8% throughout the nineties. Agribusiness production has nearly doubled over the past two decades, transforming Vietnam into one of the world's largest exporters of rice and shrimp. Currently, Vietnam is in the midst of a transformation from a manual labor/agrarian-based economy towards one fueled by skilled- labor. Agriculture production has decreased 5% to account for 20% of GDP over the last five years, while the government has begun to provide incentives for hi-tech companies -- such as Intel, Canon, and Samsung -- to bring skilled manufacturing jobs to Vietnam.
Vietnam hosts two large stock exchanges; the Ho Chi Minh City Stock Exchange (HOSE), Vietnam's largest stock exchange, and the Hanoi Stock Exchange (HNX). Established in 2000, HOSE currently lists 301 companies and has a market capitalization of US$ 44.7 billion and a P/E ratio 13.9x of as of February 2014. The HNX hosts 377 companies and has a market capitalization of US$ 5.5 billion as of February 2014.
Country snapshots for all of AFC's markets can be found by clicking on the map above and are available on our website www.asiafrontiercapital.com
In line with our process of being on the ground in the countries we invest in, Chief Investment Officer of the AFC Vietnam Fund, Andreas Karall and Senior Investment Analyst of the AFC Asia Frontier Fund, Ruchir Desai travelled to Vietnam to attend the Viet Capital Investor Conference held in Ho Chi Minh City.
It is always nice to go back to Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC). The place is bustling, has a good amount of history and enables one to actually feel the potential which Vietnam offers. Similar to my previous trip in August 2013, I flew on the state-owned Vietnam Airlines from Hong Kong. The airline is supposedly looking at an IPO sometime this year as the government looks to pare down its stake in various state owned entities.
Since Vietnam is a pretty big tourist destination in Asia, getting through immigration and getting hold of transport via a private taxi is not an issue and is pretty organised. There are multiple private taxi operators lined up outside the terminal but I prefer to take the Vinasun taxi. They are clean and dependable and easy to get hold of not only at the airport but anywhere in HCMC. The other reason I choose to take Vinasun's taxis is because the company is publicly listed, is part of our portfolio and travelling in their taxis helps in doing some real on-the-ground research!
The airport is not too far from downtown HCMC so getting to my hotel did not take more than 30 minutes but traffic in the city is similar to that of any developing city - chaotic. As usual, lots of two wheelers but also lots of cars too. In HCMC, there are dozens of hotels to choose from besides the five star ones. Vietnam gets more than 7 million tourists a year so getting hold of decent accommodation and places to check out or eat out is not a problem at all. A suggestion for good Vietnamese food is Ngon on Pasteur Street or Pho 2000 right next to the Ben Thanh market which is a bit more local but quick and cheap (and Bill Clinton ate here back in 2000). Walking around District 1 (downtown HCMC) is quite comfortable with walkways shaded by trees and major tourists spots walking distance from one another. (Presidential Palace, War Museum, Notre Dame Cathedral, and Saigon Post Office).
The next morning, getting to the conference in morning rush hour traffic took about 10-15 minutes even though it was very close to where we were staying. Walking would have been better instead but the heat at this time of year in Vietnam is pretty sapping! The investor conference, held at the InterContinental, was a great platform to meet with management teams of various companies and also to hear what people on the ground had to say about the country and its economy. The conference was very well attended by institutional
investors and there were a few investors looking at Vietnam for the first time or visiting the first time. Clearly, Vietnam has caught the fancy of investors and this is reflected in the run up of the VN index and investor participation at the conference.
During the conference, we were fortunate to get quite a few small group meetings with company management teams given the heavy participation in the conference. This gave us the chance to ask more questions as compared to being in an open presentation and therefore allowed us to get a better grip on the future prospects of the company. The companies we met with in small group meetings were from diverse industries such as technology, healthcare, transportation, oil & gas and real estate.
Of these meetings, the company which we liked the most was a technology company. It has a leadership position in the Vietnam technology market but it also has over the past few years developed into providing IT outsourcing services to clients, especially in Japan. With Vietnam offering a low cost talent pool with a background in computer engineering/software engineering it would not be surprising to see Vietnam's IT outsourcing exports grow in the coming years.
The other companies of interest were a healthcare company which focused on manufacturing and distribution of herbal and traditional medicines. It has a leading position in the Vietnam market and differentiates itself from the other players due to its product offerings which are not the generic over-the-counter products that other companies offer. In the oil & gas industry we met with a state owned drilling rig operator which has a dominant position in the Vietnam oil drilling market due to its close relationship with the state owned oil company, Petro Vietnam. The real estate company we met with is a leading player in the affordable housing segment and has developed some good projects in HCMC and the transportation company we met was involved in logistics and operating ports but is investing in some unrelated businesses.
What was common across all these meetings was that management teams were quite open in sharing details about their company's business, the market potential, their strategy and future outlook. They were open to taking on uncomfortable questions linked to investing or strategy decisions as well and communication was not much of an issue. At times investors ask us if speaking with company management teams is an issue because not everyone speaks English at the management level. The answer is yes and no. For the above meetings all the management teams spoke English and there was not much of an issue getting ideas across. With smaller companies it could be an issue but there is usually a translator who does a pretty good job. The translator is usually a sell side analyst.
Besides these meetings which we attended, the conference also had various speakers one of whom was the Chairman of McDonalds Vietnam. McDonalds began operations in Vietnam just a few months ago in February 2014 and if reports are true, the chain served 400,000 customers within the first month of operations! The menu has some additions to it in order to cater to Vietnamese tastes such as the "Double McPork" which would cost about USD 3. With average monthly income in Vietnam at USD 150 it is not surprising that so many people are turning up at the counter as eating at McDonalds is a pretty big deal for the average Vietnamese. I remember when McDonalds first came to India in the late nineties there was an equal amount of clamour to get hold of a McDonald's burger! Even today in India, families which are beginning to earn more view eating at McDonalds as a new experience and you will not see too many empty outlets. It will not be surprising to see a similar trend in Vietnam and how good this is for the Vietnamese population's health, time will tell. The two days of meetings and guest speakers' talks at the conference went very well and we wrapped up with a pleasant evening at a location overlooking downtown HCMC.
Night view of Ho Chi Minh City and Ben Thanh Market
Besides attending the conference, we also took a few days out to meet with companies that are part of the portfolio of the AFC Vietnam Fund and the AFC Asia Frontier Fund. Getting out of conference mode also is a good way to get a feel of the country/city instead of sitting in five star hotel conference rooms.
Typical Street View - Ho Chi Minh City
None of the meetings that we attended was in the Central Business District (District 1) and getting into other parts of the city was a good way to check out other parts of the city on the ground. Our first meeting of the day took place at an industrial park about 45 minutes from the central business district. The industrial park has been done up in an organised manner and with good paved roads. Also, whilst traveling to the industrial park we took one of the newer highways that has been built in an around HCMC. The thrust on infrastructure development is evident and there are also plans to develop a metro in the city with construction of the metro already beginning in Hanoi.
Industrial Park in Ho Chi Minh City
The first company we met was a copper/optic fibre company which supplies cables to the telecom industry and its management team had its head on the ground which is a good sign. The chairman of the company was kind enough to show us around his factory and talk about the future plans for the company. Capacity at the company is expected to increase in the coming year and it would not be surprising to see higher growth rates from this company in the coming few years.
The next two companies we met were both state owned with one of them manufacturing tobacco packaging for the domestic tobacco industry and the other a manufacturer and distributor of consumer electronics. At both these companies, we met with the CFOs and considering that these are smaller companies the level of openness and knowledge of the business was as good as many of the companies we met during the conference. The tobacco company expects to increase capacity in the North of Vietnam and the fact that it is backed by a state owned tobacco producer provides the company stability in terms of recurring business. The consumer electronics company we met was doing a lot of things such as karaoke systems, white goods and audio systems. It would be interesting to see how things pan out for this company given that big consumer players like LG, Sony etc. have already entered the market in Vietnam.
On the last day, we met with two other companies. A taxi operator which was discussed in the earlier part of this report and an agricultural seed producer/distributor. We met with CFO of the taxi operator which currently has close to 50% of the HCMC market and plans to enter in newer cities later this year and in 2015. Going to their offices gave us a chance to look at their customer service operations as well which function through a call centre in the same building. Our last meeting was with the CFO of the agricultural seed producer and distributor whose main products are corn, rice and vegetable seeds. It is a leading supplier in Vietnam and a trusted brand which does research on new products and is planning to expand capacity for one of its product lines.
What was common in these five companies that we met are they are run by good management teams, no flashy offices and businesses that are simple, cash generating and not heavily levered. Additionally these are the companies that are ignored by most institutional investors which allow us to find value. The P/Est of all the five companies we met post conference are less than 10x.
Overall, this was a very fruitful trip as we got the opportunity to meet with both, portfolio companies as well as companies which the fund does not hold but finds interesting at the right valuation. We were satisfied with the progress and future plans of our portfolio companies and more importantly these companies are still trading at a discount to the overall market in spite of their future growth potential! We will continue to track the developments of our companies both on and off the ground and will report back after our next trip to Vietnam!)
In line with AFC's process of being on the ground in the countries we invest in Andreas Karall, CIO of the AFC Vietnam Fund, has been busy not only looking at opportunities in Vietnam over the past few months traveling overland and meeting with companies. Jim Rogers may have gained international fame as an adventure capitalist by riding his motorbike around the world but Andy K has gone one step further and became one of the few Vietnamese Fund Managers to delve the depths of Vietnamese culture by hopping on his bicycle to cycle the winding roads of Vietnam.
Here I am again in Vietnam. This time not for business or for triathlon, instead five guys from four different countries decided to do a bicycle trip. 750 km in 5 days. Actually we were only four with bikes as our most experienced team leader Hugo decided to start a carrier as a mountain bike stuntman in China two weeks earlier. This attempt failed badly and with a severe leg injury he preferred to support us along with our Vietnamese tour guide Peter and our bus driver with his son. What can be better as watching us 5 days cycling in a beautiful surrounding and have the joy of sitting in the bus all day long?
We should start in Saigon - or Ho Chi Minh, as the winner of the long lasting war against the savers of the world prefers to call it in Hanoi. After arrival we have a few hours for sightseeing in this beautiful city which is very clean in comparison to other Asian cities with an almost European flair. Nice colonial buildings, walkable sidewalks (we don't know about that in Thailand!) and a coffee culture that makes me feel like home.
Our first day on the bike should be also the longest one for the trip, 200km from Saigon to the smaller city of Bao Loc in the highlands with a population of 150,000 people. While the first 150km are pretty much flat on mostly smaller roads the final 50km are tough when we have to climb up to about 1,000 meter.
The roads are surprisingly good and we are missing our beloved giant potholes we have in Thailand were riders go missing from time to time. The traffic is chaotic and dangerous in the cities in a different way it is in Thailand but gets better the further we are away from the crowds. This is also one of the two bad experiences here in Vietnam. With 90% on motorcycles, a few cars and even fewer buses (and because of Chinese New Year holiday just a few trucks) the buses exercise reckless driving even worse than in Thailand and show a selfish behavior which results in many traffic deaths every year. The government is responsible here to educate people in order to reduce the high death toll.
For 20 USD we did not expect much from the hotel in Bao Loc but we are surprised about the standard; for 32 USD I even got the 45m² suite which would be easy a four star standard everywhere in the world. Unfortunately we are forced to eat a very simple meal this evening as almost everything is closed for Chinese New Year which will start tomorrow. Nevertheless I am sorry for that stone hard chicken which probably died of a heart attack right before its 10th birthday. Tired as we are we deciding to go to bed early - some earlier than others...
Our 2nd day should end in Da Lat, the famous city in the highlands, a climb of almost 3,000 meters over the next few hours. Sounds hard, is hard - especially after a 200km ride a few hours ago. High mountains around us means there are no other ways to go except the main road. This is not everybody's taste but the impressions and nice houses along the road are worth that day. More than 200km away from Saigon it surprises me that there are still mostly nice small and medium size houses along the road with people looking more urban than in other places I visited in Asia. It seems that these people could adapt quite easy to an urban life in Hanoi or Saigon, quite different to the situation in China or Indonesia for example. There are also no slums so far unlike in other countries where GDP per capita is higher than in Vietnam.
The further we go the higher we climb and despite the dry season we see more and more farms for flowers and vegetables in a very green surrounding.
Da Lat is a beautiful city at 1,500m with a population of about 200,000. Its climate and beauty makes it one of the top tourist destinations in Vietnam. Here we see again why Vietnam is called Europe of South East Asia.
On day 3 we leave Da Lat for Nha Trang, a large and well developed city on the coast, one of the major holiday destinations for Russians, Russians and even more Russians. From the elevation of 1,500-2,000 meters around Da Lat it looks like an easy 140km downhill ride to the beach. What we did not see on Google maps was 70km of steep climbs for the first 2-3 hours and steady headwind along the way. But while our 105 kg Slovakian powerhouse and constant wind blocker Pavol could not join the tour Roger was thankfully strong enough to do most of his job.
And finally we find ourselves in the longest downhill ride of our lives - 30 km long from 1,700 meters down to zero! No serpentines like in Europe, just cruising at top speeds of 80km/h+.
Arriving in Nha Trang the picture changes completely. After two days of mountains, farms and forests back to the views we know so well from Thailand: Palm Trees instead of mountains, traffic instead of farms and Russians instead of forests. Beside Putin who is taking care of Russia during winter time? Overall it makes a cleaner and much nicer impression than some beach destinations in Thailand, actually it looks like an improved Pattaya without any bars, but still one has to like these crowded destinations - the Russians definitely do! Certainly I prefer Da Nang over those places.
The next morning we are heading out of town on our way to Phan Rang along the coastline which should be full of surprises instead of a planned less eventful day on the bike. The first hour is nice with good roads and little traffic. Nice views from the seaside and a death flat two lane road in each direction makes it a perfect start into the day on a time trial bike. When we have to make a turn to the Highway no. 1, which is the only North-South connection between Hanoi and Saigon, I am hoping that this day will end sooner than later. It is said that Swiss sometimes are a bit slower than others but it definitely it is not true with Rrrroger when he was obviously reading my thoughts. Trying to go with the flow we are keeping pace with half of the motorbikes, the other 50% we overpass…
Finally on our first coffee stop I am able to convince the others to change our route and shortcut a few kilometers to cycle around a national park along the coast. It is not really clear to see on the map if the road is finished all the way around the park but we give it a try. After a short stretch of an unpaved road my bike would have one of the most memorable hours in its already long life.
A brand new road with very little traffic leads to several hills with spectacular views over the sea with several islands. Beautiful unspoiled beaches and quiet green spots in this mountainous area are only visited by teenagers on their motorbikes, many seen with cases of local beers for picnic - I am sure they will bring their trash back home… While going up and down the numerous hills I can see the future of this place in a few years from now when the road is completed. Hundreds of buses carrying thousands of tourists will drive to the restaurants and resorts to be built as this area will be described in every travel guide. This road is heaven on a bike now!
Only a few fishing villages are on our way. We wanted to eat here but except for small food stalls there is nothing to find. So we are continuing for the last 50 kilometers, almost done for the day - we thought. The
smell and the color of the road now proves that this part was just finished a few days ago and suddenly the road changes from heaven to hell for the next 10 km. Gravel and dust from passing cars makes for an unpleasant change and the risk for a flat tire is almost 100%. As we have a British expert for this in our group we have to stop twice in that segment for changing his tubes. But these should be the only flats for all on this trip.
In Phan Rang we find a nice restaurant for the evening with excellent seafood, too many bottles of great Australian Cabernet Shiraz and a different side of beautiful Vietnam - friendly waitresses in their unique Ao Dai's.
Our final day on the bike is less eventful. We have to go for two hours on Highway No. 1 before we are able to make a left turn and go along the beach without any big climbs. On the highway I spot a new 1.2 GW power plant as Vietnam is trying to secure its electricity self-sufficiency they reached last year for the first time. Unpleasant surprise (really a surprise after all?) is a sea of plastic trash left and right from the road when we reached a small town at the beach. Government must really educate people if they want other tourists than Chinese in the long run. That has to start in schools and will only work with fines which are also executed. Singapore was not born clean and unfortunately this is a problem all over Asia, same here in Thailand.
The black spots in the sand dunes are - you guess it - plastic bags!
After lunch we find ourselves on a sand road which according to the locals is just 8-10km long. That is probably the case for locals but the same road is 25km unpaved for tourists with their 23mm tires on their bikes. But we continue to avoid going back to the highway which would mean an additional 20km.
Since there is still some wine left in my veins from last night I go on with Roger on that dirt road while the others start resting in the bus. On the way we come across the white sand dunes which look beautiful. Our cycling shoes are now filled with loads of sand as is every spot of our bike but the final hour of hour bike trip to Mue/Phan Thiet is on a nice road again. This area is developed very well with many hotels and resorts along the coast and we can even find groups of French tourists between the Russians. After lunch we find ourselves on a sand road which according to the locals is just 8-10km long. That is probably the case for locals but the same road is 25km unpaved for tourists with their 23mm tires on their bikes. But we continue to avoid going back to the highway which would mean an additional 20km.
Since there is still some wine left in my veins from last night I go on with Roger on that dirt road while the others start resting in the bus. On the way we come across the white sand dunes which look beautiful. Our cycling shoes are now filled with loads of sand as is every spot of our bike but the final hour of hour bike trip to Mue/Phan Thiet is on a nice road again. This area is developed very well with many hotels and resorts along the coast and we can even find groups of French tourists between the Russians. According to the government the tourist arrivals in January saw a growth of 97% for Russians!
From a cycling standpoint it was a very nice trip with great people in our group. Compared to Thailand the interaction with local people was different. Thais are more laid back and - maybe simply because we are living there - easier to predict in their behavior on the road. Vietnamese are also very friendly but in a different way and their mentality reminds us much more of the Chinese than Thai people. That said this is probably an advantage for the economy in the future.
You can read thousands of economic reports about a country or about companies, you can attend dozens of business meetings, but nothing will give you better impressions than a trip like this and digging deeper into a country than a regular business or tourist visitor.
My opinion that Vietnam is going to be the best investment case for the next few years here in Asia was confirmed and with the undervalued stock market I am very confident that our investments will be very profitable in the future. I am going to increase my commitment. And of course I can recommend Vietnam as a tourist destination.
I hope you enjoyed reading our monthly newsletter and remain with kind regards,
This document does not constitute an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to invest in AFC Asia Frontier Fund, AFC Asia Frontier Fund (non-US), AFC Vietnam Fund or any other funds sponsored by Asia Frontier Capital Ltd. or its affiliates. We will not make such offer or solicitation prior to the delivery of a definitive offering memorandum and other materials relating to the matters herein. Before making an investment decision with respect to our Funds, we advise potential investors to read carefully the respective offering memorandum, the limited partnership agreement or operating agreement, and the related subscription documents, and to consult with their tax, legal, and financial advisors. We have compiled this information from sources we believe to be reliable, but we cannot guarantee its correctness. We present our opinions without warranty. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. © Asia Frontier Capital Ltd. All rights reserved.
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